ROME: THE ETERNAL CITY
Rome, known also as Urbe, Caput Mundi and Eternal City, founded in 753 BC, has been the first great metropolis of humanity, the heart of one of the most important ancient civilizations, which influenced society, culture, language, literature, art, architecture, philosophy, religion, law and customs of the following centuries. It was the capital of the Roman Empire, which extended its dominion over the entire Mediterranean basin and most of Europe, the Papal States and the Kingdom of Italy (from 1871 to 1946).
Things to see
In Rome there are so many interesting things to see and do that sometimes it is hard to decide from what to start. Rome is the result of the continuous overlapping of different architectural and urban exemplars, in a unique and charming interpenetration showing the complex relationship that the city has always established with its past, in a succession of chaotic developments, periods of decadence, rebirths and the modernization of the urban fabric.
Rome is the city with more monuments in the world, such as Colosseum, Trajan’s Column, the four patriarchal basilicas (San Pietro in Vaticano, San Giovanni in Laterano, San Paolo and Santa Maria Maggiore), Sant’Angelo castle and so on. Moreover, thanks to the great entity of archaeological site, Rome can be also considered an open air museum. The history cradle of Rome is Palatino Hill, beneath which lie the Roman Forum, the Imperial Foraand Trajan’s Market, the centers of political, economic, religious and social life of the ancient world.
Things to do
There are also other many things to do in Rome like having a trip on the ancient Appia Antica, the “first highway” in the story which connects the city of Rome with the city of Brindisi (Apulia, Italy). It was built on an ancient lava flow erupted from the Alban Hills. Walking through the street you can see romans ruins, like Cecilia Metella mausoleum, Saint Callisto’s catacombs and many others fascinating archeological sites.
Rome is also the ideal place for an unforgettable holiday full of good food and good Italian wine!